Learn the Lingo, Part 2

Did you know that a question mark and exclamation point together (like so?!) is called an interrobang?! Did you also know it’s probably not a good idea to use an interrobang in your article or book?

Now you do. You’re welcome.

Last week I tried to answer some of the questions of my clients and writer friends (yes, I have friends) about writing or publishing terms and concepts they’ve wondered about. I didn’t have space or time to answer them all, however, so I’ll return to the task today.


One writer said she’s heard these acronyms thrown around but confessed to not being sure about to what they refer. They’re all abbreviations for stylebooks (not “fashion,” or even a person’s writing style, but rather the multitudinous choices that must be made when publishing something, such as whether to capitalize pronouns referring to deity, when to spell out numbers, and so on). CMS refers to The Chicago Manual of Style, which is the general guide among Christian book publishers. APA (American Psychological Association) and MLA (Modern Language Association) are used by academic and scholarly publications. And newspapers and magazine stylebooks include the AP (Associated Press), NYT (New York Times), and LAT (LA Times). And most book publishers have their own in-house stylebook that specifies style decisions in which they depart from, say, the CMS. See how simple this is?


One writer said “galley” is a term on which he’d like more clarity. “It sounds like something that should take place on a ship in the high seas,” he said. Well, yes. That’s one kind of galley; another kind is mostly synonymous with “page proofs.” That is, when a magazine or book is designed and laid out as it’s supposed to appear when in print, galleys are produced for review.


One veteran author says he often tells aspiring writers, “Well, you better put together a good query letter,” at which they nod as if they understand perfectly. But do they? This definition is fairly simple. A “query” (letter or email, these days) is a short, one-page missive constructed to “query” (aka, “ask”) whether a particular agent, editor, or publisher is interested in a particular project. Easier said than done, of course, because composing a compelling hook, “nuts ‘n’ bolts” paragraph, and “why me” paragraph (the basic elements of a query, as I teach developing writers) is often hard work. But that’s why we get paid the big bucks, right? Right? Hello? Buehler?

Vanity publishers and indie publishers

One of my friends (and stop asking; I have friends, I tell you) says she’s often asked to distinguish between “vanity publisher” and “indie publisher.” The term “vanity publisher” is seldom used anymore; but in simplest terms, it’s a publisher who for a fee will produce a book for you with little or no changes. “Indie publisher” is a term that can encompass self-publishing, subsidy publishing, partnership publishing, assisted publishing, etc., for which the author may pay all or some of the expenses but may also receive design, editing, and marketing services as part of the package. The publishing landscape is so varied, however, that even that definition falls short of explaining all the various models and options included in the term “indie publishing.”

So are you more confused than ever? I hope not. But that’s sometimes the result of dipping a toe into publishing waters. Some “publishing waters” are deeper than others, of course. So before I get too out of my depth, I’ll let that suffice and offer the opportunity for commenters to ask for new (or further) explanations.

8 Responses to Learn the Lingo, Part 2

  1. Linsey September 23, 2020 at 5:42 am #

    I just wanted to thank you again for your relevant and helpful posts- I look forward to receiving them during the week. They’ve helped me a lot!

  2. Andrew Budek-Schmeisser September 23, 2020 at 6:41 am #

    Pity the poor interrobang,
    exlamation point and button-hook;
    he just tries to do his thang,
    but he can’t be in your book.
    And the phrase “Galleys are sent!”
    raises fearful question;
    is it for an oar you’re meant,
    chained next to Charlton Heston?
    There is then the CMS
    whose perusal make you weary,
    but vital not to make a mess
    when you write your query,
    for you want TradPub’s quality,
    notthe Slough of Despond, vanity.

  3. Jeanne Takenaka September 23, 2020 at 7:33 am #

    Bob, thanks for explaining these terms. Your writing style makes these terms easier to understand!

    And yes, I believe you when you say you have friends. Really, I do!

  4. OLUSOLA SOPHIA ANYANWU September 23, 2020 at 11:09 am #

    To add to the box of confusion lingo are: contributory and non contributory contracts!
    Anyway sir, thanks for the eye openers and God bless you. Amen.

  5. Kristen Joy Wilks September 23, 2020 at 11:41 am #

    Thanks so much, Bob! Oh, I just had a fellow writer ask me, “What is the difference between a thriller and a suspense novel?” And I jumped into the conversation confident that a I knew … and we both finished the conversation more confused than we were at the beginning, ha! I would love to see your take on the differences … if there are differences.

    • Bob Hostetler September 30, 2020 at 9:38 am #

      There are differences, but they’re so close that the genre is often called “thriller/suspense” or “suspense/thriller.” Never “thriller/cookbook” though. As the labels suggest, in “suspense” the tension dominates, while in “thriller,” the dangers and plot twists drive things. That’s my story and I’m sticking with it.

  6. Robert Barone September 29, 2020 at 8:37 pm #

    Is there learn the lingo part 1?

  7. Bob Hostetler September 30, 2020 at 9:34 am #

    Yes, on this blog a week earlier….

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