Who Owns Whom in Publishing?

Updated February 3, 2018

For a comprehensive list check out The Christian Writers Market Guide. Available in print at your favorite retailer or as an online subscription (updated weekly) at

Our emphasis in this post is the Christian publishing industry. There are many fine commercial publishers that do not publish Christian books and thus are left out of this discussion. First let us review what are known as The Big Five. These are the five major conglomerates that control a sizable portion of the marketplace. (In 2016 someone create an incredible graphic for all the imprints of the Big Five.)

Who are these big five? In no particular order:

1. HarperCollins Owned by Rupert Murdoch’s media conglomerate News Corp., HarperCollins has around fifty imprints. Zondervan had been their sole evangelical Christian imprint until they bought Thomas Nelson Publishers in 2012. The two have been combined under the HarperCollins Christian Publishing group. Under that HCCP group they have multiple imprints: Zondervan, Zonderkidz, Thomas Nelson, Tommy Nelson (Children’s), W Publishing, and Emenate Books (Charismatic). (There are also an Academic division, a curriculum division, and a Bible division.) In addition HarperCollins keeps a separate religious publishing imprint called HarperOne (formerly HarperSanFrancisco). News Corp. is the parent company of 20th Century Fox, the film company with numerous divisions including several Fox television networks. In 2013 the print/publishing division was spun off from the entertainment division.
In 2014 HarperCollins bought Harlequin Enterprises. This includes the Love Inspired imprint which is the Christian fiction division of Harlequin.

A little trivia for you. ABC (the TV network) used to own Word Entertainment, which included Word Books and Word Music, which was a well known Christian company. Word Entertainment was purchased by…Thomas Nelson in 1992. Nelson later sold the Word Music division to Gaylord Entertainment, the folks who own Opryland. The book publisher, Thomas Nelson was bought out by a private equity firm in 2006, sold to another private equity firm in 2010 and then to HarperCollins in 2012.

2. Hachette Book Group Formerly Warner Books (of Time Warner), they were acquired by Hachette Livre, a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Lagardère Group. Their Christian imprint is FaithWords (formerly WarnerFaith). A few of their imprints include Little Brown, Grand Central, and Center Street.

3. Pearson/Bertelsmann (aka Penguin Random House) In 2013 two huge book publishing groups, Penguin and Random House, officially merged and is now known as Penguin Random House.

Pearson is a British corporation known in the U.S. as Penguin. They have imprints like Putnam, Berkley, Viking, etc. Penguin does not have a dedicated imprint for books intended for the Christian market, their editors go on a case by case basis. For example their Dutton imprint publishes Tim Keller. Their Tarcher/Penguin imprint does a number of religious titles.

Bertelsmann is a German media conglomerate that owns Random House which is the largest English-language publisher in the world. They have several divisions. The Crown Publishing Group has within it the Waterbrook/Multnomah imprint. Their Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group includes Doubleday which is a religious imprint that generally has had Catholic oriented titles, but with many exceptions. They also have the Convergent Books imprint.

4. Holtzbrinck Publishing Group Owned by the German Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. Primarily known in the U.S. as MacMillan. They do not have a Christian imprint. But do have strong commercial imprints like St. Martin’s, Tor, and Farrar, Straus, & Giroux.

5. Simon & Schuster Owned by CBS (the TV station). Their Christian imprint is Howard Books which is a division of Atria. Other well known imprints include Pocket, Free Press, and Scribner.

What about the rest of the Christian Publishing Industry?

Christian publishers still independently and/or family owned include:
Tyndale House Publishers (owned by Tyndale House Foundation – formed by founder Ken Taylor and his family)
The Baker Publishing Group (including Bethany House, Revell, Baker, Brazos, and Chosen) (owned by the Baker family. CEO is Dwight Baker)
Barbour Publishing (Mary Burns is the President. In July 2017 the company became Employee owned and operated.)
Broadstreet Publishing (Carlton Garborg)
Worthy Publishing – (privately held corporation) – in addition, in October 2014 they purchased the Ideals Publishing division from Guideposts.
Charisma Media (Stephen Strang)
Crossway Books (The Dennis Family)
Group Publishing (Thom and Joani Schultz)
Harvest House (Bob Hawkins, Jr.)
Hendrickson Publishers (the Hendrickson family)
Kregel Publishing (the Kregel family)
Eerdmans (the Eerdmans family)
P&R Publishing (The P and R stand for Presbyterian and Reformed)
Rose Publishing (owned by Hendrickson Publishers above, as of February 2017)
Whitaker House (B0b Whitaker, Jr.)
New Leaf Publishing Group (includes Master Books, and New Leaf Press)
Gilead Publishing (Dan Balow) – Publishes only Christian fiction. Purchased Enclave Publishing (science fiction and fantasy) in April 2016. In mid-2017 they signed an agreement with Kregel Publishing to move all production, marketing, and trade sales to the Kregel organization. Acquisitions and editorial will still be handled by Gilead.

But then there are Christian publishers owned by a larger organization. For example:
B&H Publishing Group is owned by Lifeway Christian Resources (aka the Southern Baptist Convention) And if your memories are long…B&H stands for Broadman and Holman. In 2015 there was a move to merge the Lifeway resources division (education and curriculum) into a tighter integration with B&H. Eventually the Lifeway name will become more prominent as new products are developed. For now the B&H imprint remains unchanged as their trade books and bibles division.
David C. Cook is part of a large non-profit organization that distributes literature around the world. (Purchased the curriculum divisions  of Gospel Light and Standard publishing in late 2015 to become the largest evangelical non-denominational curriculum publisher in the U.S. Their trade book division still publishes regularly.)
Guideposts is a non-profit organization. Their trade book division was shuttered in 2013 but they continue to publish books intended for direct-to-consumer sales (Book Clubs or continuity subscription series).
IVP is a part of a parachurch organization, InterVarsity.
NavPress is owned by the Navigators. In 2013 they signed an agreement with Tyndale House to move all production, marketing, and sales to the Tyndale organization. Acquisitions will still be handled by NavPress.
Abingdon is an imprint The United Methodist Publishing House.
CLC is the publishing arm of the Christian Literature Crusade
New Hope was bought by Iron Stream Media in September 2017 from the Women’s Missionary Union (an organization which is part of the Southern Baptist convention).
Gospel Publishing House is the publishing arm of the Assemblies of God.
Foundry Publishing is the publishing arm of the Nazarene Publishing House (the publishing arm used to be called Beacon Hill Press).
Leafwood Books is a division of Abilene Christian University Press.
Moody Publishing is owned by The Moody Bible Institute.
Concordia is owned by the Missouri Synod Lutheran Church.
Westminster/John Knox is owned by the Presbyterian Publishing Corporation.
1517 Media is owned by Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). They have multiple divisions: Augsburg Fortress, Fortress Press, Sparkhouse, and Beaming Books.
AMG is owned by AMG International (a missions organization). Best known author is Spiro Zodiahtes.
Paraclete Press is owned the Community of Jesus.
Standard Publishing, founded in 1872, has been connected to The Christian Church denomination (especially with their curriculum, which was sold to David C. Cook in 2015) but was publicly owned by Standex Corp (on the NY Stock exchange) until 2006 when it was bought by the Wicks Group, a private equity firm.
Warner Press (not to be confused with the former Warner Books) is owned by the Church of God, Anderson, IN.
YWAM Publishing is the publishing division of Youth With a Mission.

If I have left out someone I apologize. I am not trying to duplicate The Christian Writer’s Market Guide. Merely trying to show that there are a number of publishers in the Christian industry that are not owned by the corporate giants.

And if I have something wrong in this list, let me know and I’ll correct it as soon as possible.

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